Environment and Sustainable Development
Sustainable environment development is essential for human development. The national challenges of environmental degradation and lack of access to clean, affordable energy services also have a global impact, as climate change, loss of biodiversity and ozone layer depletion cannot be addressed by countries independently. UNDP assists countries in strengthening their capacity to address these challenges at global, national and local levels, seeking out and sharing best practices, providing innovative policy advice and linking partners through pilot projects that help people living in poverty build sustainable livelihoods.
UNDP’s Support for Environment and Energy in the Islamic Republic of Iran
In Iran, environmental and natural resources have been substantially degraded over the past decades, mainly due to unsustainable development and consumption patterns, overpopulation, institutional fragmentation,and a number of socioeconomic root causes. The national commitment to safeguard the environment and reverse the trend of environmental degradation is reflected in Iran’s ratification of a majority of global environmental treaties and conventions, the incorporation of environmental concerns into the national planning frameworks, and active civil society involvement as partners in environmental management.
UNDP’s interventions in environmental programmes in Iran cover various areas such as capacity building under the global environmental treaties to policy advice, technical studies, regional cooperation initiatives and community-based approaches and equitable mechanisms to managing natural resources and balancing development concerns with environmental sustainability concerns.
The majority of UNDP’s environment initiatives are funded by two trust funds: The Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (MP). UNDP also allocates its core funding in support of strategic interventions within the Environment and Sustainable Development programme area.
GEF was established in 1991 and is an independent financial organization that provides grants to developing countries for projects that benefit the global environment and promote sustainable livelihoods in local communities. With funding from GEF, UNDP is supporting the Government’s efforts to help mitigate and adapt to global climate change, conserve globally significant species and ecosystems, put a stop to the consuming and stockpiling of harmful Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and help destroy existing stockpiles, stem the tide of degradation of international water bodies, as well as halt and reverse land degradation processes.
MP has since its inception in 1987 been viewed as a best example of collaborative efforts to address a pressing global environmental issue. Through the Protocol, member states of the UN have committed themselves to eliminate the use of ozone depleting substances in both developed and developing countries as per an internationally agreed time schedule. Subsequently, financial assistance has been provided through the MP, to developing countries to strengthen their national capacities and meet international obligations. Through the MP programme, UNDP has assisted Iran in building sound capacities and complying with the global commitments as well as phasing out the ozone depleting chemicals in various sectors.
As part of the new Country Programme, 2012 - 2016, UNDP will focus on contributing to national capacities for integrated management, conservation, and sustainable use of ecosystems and biodiversity; and for a representative network of “protected areas” to be further strengthened. Climate change mitigation and adaptation capacities will also be targeted at the national and subnational levels, to contribute to the adoption of a climate resilient development path that is aligned with an “inclusive growth” development model. National capacities will be further supported to strengthen mechanisms for assessing and monitoring environmental impacts and trends, including those that signify the relationship between environmental degradation and poverty. UNDP will cooperate with Iran to access global funding mechanisms under the Multilateral Environment Agreements. By 2015, it is envisaged that Iran will have reduced the consumption of hydrochlorofluorocarbons by 10 per cent in accordance with the Montreal Protocol targets.
For further information on UNDP’s services and support for sustainable environment development & energy efficiency in Iran contact:
Programme Specialist / Head of Environment,
Energy, and Disaster Management Cluster
UNDP Iran/ Programme
Tel: (+98) 21 2286 0691-4, Ext : 421
Fax: (+98) 21 2286 9547
The Small Grants Programme (for more information please contact