Natural Disaster Management
Natural disasters impose an enormous toll on development and pose a significant threat to prospects for achieving the MDGs, in particular, the overarching goal of halving extreme poverty by 2015. Countries that face similar patterns of natural hazards – from earthquakes to floods and droughts -- often experience widely differing impacts when disasters occur. In worst case scenarios, these hazards can wipe out or reverse decades of development achievement. The impact largely depends on the kind of development choices countries have made.Through its global network, UNDP seeks out and shares innovative approaches to crisis prevention, early warning and conflict resolution to help bridge the gap between emergency relief and long-term development.
As an active member of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) which brings together UN agencies as well as international NGOs with the purpose of strengthening humanitarian operations and the Cluster Lead for IASC’s Early Recovery Working Group, UNDP performs a key role in early recovery. In the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, UNDP provides country-specific support to ensure national ownership of early recovery programmes, including restoring capacity for public service delivery and managing recovery aid coordination.
UNDP’s Support for Crisis Prevention and Recovery in the Islamic Republic of Iran
The strengthening of disaster management capacities in Iran has therefore featured high on the agenda of UNDP. Based on a wealth of knowledge and experience, UNDP works closely with governmental and civil society partners to identify and strengthen national capacities in the management and implementation of early recovery programmes and disaster reduction and preparedness. UNDP is also helping to put disaster risk at the forefront of development planners’ minds in order to ensure that disaster risk is being incorporated into development planning frameworks.
Prominent among UNDP-sponsored initiatives in Iran has been the development of an Integrated National Disaster Management Plan, a five-year national programme for capacity building to manage disaster risk, development of guidelines and organizing training courses on various aspects of disaster risk management following the Manjil earthquake in 1990, and supporting the country’s reconstruction and recovery programmes after the devastating earthquake in the city of Bam (2003).
As part of the new Country Programme, 2012 - 2016, UNDP will continue its support to the Government for the integration of disaster management and risk reduction into development policies, key sector plans and programmes; strengthening knowledge and understanding of disaster risks, strengthening community-based disaster management and risk reduction, and developing regional and international cooperation for the exchange of knowledge and expertise.
For further information on UNDP's services and support for disaster risk management and reconstruction in Iran contact:
Environment, Energy and Disaster Management Programme Cluster
Tel: (9821) 2286 0691-4 (x 418)
Fax: (9821) 2286 9547